Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro
Matheus Sehn Korting is a postdoctoral researcher in Social Sciences in Development, Agriculture and Society, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (CPDA/UFRRJ), Brazil, where he also completed his PhD. He has a master’s degree in Rural Development from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS). His research interests are related to rural sociology, environmental laws, instruments for public policy, land register, and environmental issues. He is a member of the Observatory on Public Policies for Agriculture (OPPA) and works on supporting research in environmental register and land tenure, especially in the agriculture frontiers in Brazil.
Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Débora Assumpção e Lima is Assistant Professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. She also has a postdoctorate in Geography from the University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil, and has more than ten years’ experience in social movements consultancies and non-governmental organisations. Débora’s current research is focused on capital crisis and the land conflicts between traditional communities and the reproduction of commodities crops. She is a member of the Grupo de Trabalho (GT) de Estudios Críticos del Desarrollo Rural (Work Group of Critical Studies of Rural Development) of the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO), Casas (Collective of Agrarian Scholar-Activists from the South) and is a Researcher of the Social Network for Justice and Human Rights.
University of Brasília
José Sobreiro Filho is Professor in the Geography department on the Postgraduate Program of Geography, University of Brasília, Brazil and on the TerritoriAL Postgraduate Program, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Brazil. José conducts research on socio-territorial and social movements, contentious politics, violence and necropolitics, peasant studies, conflictuality, and the agrarian question, with a particular emphasis on Amazon and Brazil.
Published: February 2, 2023
This article sheds light on the forms of land appropriation in the agricultural frontier regions of Brazil in line with the concepts of land and green grabbing. With less stringent environmental laws, the Cerrado presents itself as a ‘sacrifice zone’, where grabbers and large agricultural producers have sought to register lands of the Amazon biome as ‘Cerrado’ or an undefined biome zone land. It seeks to understand what happens in territories when power technologies, that is, disciplinary mechanisms such as the Rural Environmental Cadastre (CAR), are activated and how the state has regulated land appropriation and green grabbing as a new meaning of appropriation of nature. This has created obstacles for the struggle and resistance of socio-territorial movements for land distribution, as confirmed by the growing lethality of conflicts in Brazilian frontier zones that are coveted by the grabbers.
Este artigo lança luz sobre as formas de apropriação de terras nas regiões fronteiriças agrícolas do Brasil, em consonância com os conceitos de grilagem e grilagem verde. O Cerrado apresenta-se como uma “zona de sacrifício” com leis ambientais menos rigorosas, onde grileiros (grabbers) e grandes produtores agrícolas têm registrado terras do bioma Amazônico como “Cerrado” ou como áreas de bioma indefinido. Procura-se compreender o que acontece nos territórios quando as tecnologias de poder, ou seja, mecanismos disciplinares como o Cadastro Ambiental Rural (CAR), são ativadas e como o Estado regula a grilagem e a grilagem verde como uma novo forma de apropriação da natureza. Estes processos têm criado obstáculos para a luta e resistência dos movimentos socioterritoriais pela distribuição da terra, como confirmado pela crescente letalidade dos conflitos nas regiões fronteiriças brasileiras cobiçadas pelos grileiros.