Formal and Informal Actors in Addis Ababa’s Solid Waste Management System

Volume 48 Number 2
Published: March 27, 2017

Decentralisation reforms in Ethiopia aimed to empower both formal and informal actors involved in different socioeconomic development efforts. However, an investigation of solid waste management in Addis Ababa shows that informal actors that play a significant role in solid waste collection – and especially in recycling, in which the city government has no capacity of its own – are not recognised by the city government and excluded from the management of the system. Using social network analysis, this article argues that the integration of informal waste collectors and recyclers within the city’s waste management system will improve the state of services offered to Addis Ababa’s residents.


  • Decentralisation
  • Governance
  • Participation
From Issue: Vol. 48 No. 2 (2017) | Interrogating Decentralisation in Africa