AAGC Asia–Africa Growth Corridor

ACET African Centre for Economic Transformation [Ghana]

AF Amity Foundation [China]

AgriTT Agriculture Technology Transfer

AHP Analytic Hierarchy Process

AIIB Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank [China]

ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations [Indonesia]

ATDC Agricultural Technology Demonstration Centre

BENEFIT Bilateral Ethio-Netherlands Effort for Food, Income and Trade [Ethiopia]

BMGF Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation [USA]

BMZ Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung [Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development] [Germany]

BOT Build-Operate-Transfer

BRF Belt and Road Forum

BRI Belt and Road Initiative

BRICS Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa

CANGO China Association for NGO Cooperation

CAU China Agricultural University

CBDIRF China Birth Defect Intervention and Relief Foundation

CCF China Confucius Foundation

CCP Chinese Communist Party

CCTF China Children and Teenagers’ Fund

CDB China Development Bank

CDRF China Development Research Foundation

CEPF China Environmental Protection Foundation

CFC China Foundation Center

CFCAC China Foundation of Culture and Art for Children

CFCHC China Foundation for Cultural Heritage Conservation

CFFPD China Friendship Foundation for Peace and Development

CFHRD China Foundation for Human Rights Development

CFPA China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation

CFPD China Foundation for Peace and Development

CFYEE China Foundation for Youth Entrepreneurship and Employment

CGCF China Green Carbon Foundation

CGD Center for Global Development

CGIAR formerly Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research [France]

CIC capacity for international cooperation

CIC China Investment Corporation

CICETE China International Center for Economic and Technical Exchanges

CIDCA China International Development Cooperation Agency

CIDGA College of International Development and Global Agriculture (China Agricultural University)

CIDRN China International Development Research Network

CIMF China International Medical Foundation

CINF-BNU Center for International NGOs and Foundations/Beijing Normal University

CLAC China-LAC Cooperation Fund

CLAI China-LAC Industrial Cooperation Investment Fund

CLEF Chinese Language and Culture Education Foundation of China

CNIE China NGO Network for International Exchanges

CNTAC China National Textile and Apparel Council

CPC Communist Party of China

CRCF Chinese Red Cross Foundation

CSAF China Social Assistance Foundation

CSCF COSCO Shipping Charity Foundation

CSD Center for Sustainable Development [China]

CSDF China Symphony Development Foundation

CSO civil society organisation

CSR corporate social responsibility

CTF China Organ Transplantation Development Foundation

CVSF China Volunteer Service Foundation

CWDF China Women’s Development Foundation

CYDF China Youth Development Foundation

DAC Development Assistance Committee

DEval German Institute for Development Evaluation

DFI development financing institution

DFID Department for International Development [UK]

DIE Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik [Germany]

DSSI Debt Service Suspension Initiative

ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council [USA]

EIAR Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research

ESG environmental, social, and governance

ETIDI Ethiopian Textile Industry Development Institute

FAC Future Agricultures Consortium [UK]

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [Italy]

FCDO Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office [UK]

FOCAC Forum on China–Africa Cooperation [China]

GDP gross domestic product

GEI Global Environment Institute [USA]

GHF China Guang Hua Science and Technology Foundation

GIZ Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit [German Corporation for International Cooperation GmbH]

GmbH Gesellschaft mit Beschränkter Haftung [limited liability company]

GNI gross national income

GONGO government-organised non-governmental organisation

GPI Global Partnership Initiative on Effective Triangular Cooperation [France]

GTP Growth and Transformation Plan [Ethiopia]

IDRC International Development Research Centre [Canada]

IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development [Italy]

IIAM Instituto de Investigação Agrária de Moçambique [Institute of Agricultural Research Mozambique]

ILO International Labour Organization [Switzerland]

IMF International Monetary Fund [USA]

IMLNF Inner Mongolia Lao Niu Foundation

INGO international non-governmental organisation

IPRCC International Poverty Reduction Center in China

ISEFC International Scientific Exchange Foundation of China

JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency

LDC least developed country

LGFV local government financing vehicle

LSCF Lingshan Charitable Foundation [China]

MCA Ministry of Civil Affairs [China]

MDB multilateral development bank

MDG Millennium Development Goal

MFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs [China]

MoA Ministry of Agriculture [Ethiopia]

MOA Ministry of Agriculture [China]

MOE Ministry of Education [China]

MOF Ministry of Finance [China]

MOFCOM Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China

MOST Ministry of Science and Technology [China]

MoU memorandum of understanding

MST Ministry of Science and Technology [Mozambique]

NDB New Development Bank [China]

NDRC National Development and Reform Commission [China]

NeST Network of Southern Think Tanks [India]

NGO non-governmental organisation

NHFPC National Health and Family Planning Commission [China]

NSC North–South cooperation

NSE New Structural Economics

OCA organisational capacity assessment

OCCFC Overseas Chinese Charity Foundation of China

ODA official development assistance

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [France]

OECD-DAC Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development-Development Assistance Committee [France]

OPHI Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative [UK]

PDIA Problem-Driven Iterative Adaptation

PEDSA Plano Estratégico para o Desenvolvimento do Sector Agrário [Strategic Plan for Agricultural Development] [Mozambique]

PNISA Plano de Investimento no Sector Agrário [National Investment Plan for the Agricultural Sector] [Mozambique]

PPP public–private partnership

PPP purchasing power parity

SCIO State Council Information Office [China]

SDG Sustainable Development Goal

SEZ Special Economic Zone

SHACF Shanghai Adream Charitable Foundation [China]

SMEs small and medium-sized enterprises

SMU Singapore Management University

SOCF Shanghai Overseas Chinese Foundation [China]

SOE state-owned enterprise

SOP standard operating procedure

SSC South–South cooperation

SSCAF South–South Cooperation Assistance Fund

SZOFCF Shenzhen One Foundation Charity Fund [China]

TOSSD Total Official Support for Sustainable Development

TVET technical vocational education and training

TXZEF Tao Xingzhi Education Foundation [China]

UN United Nations

UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development [Switzerland]

UNDESA United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs [USA]

UNDP United Nations Development Programme [USA]

UNDS UN Development System

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme [Kenya]

UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization [USA]

WB World Bank [USA]

WIFA Wu Zuoren International Foundation of Fine Arts [China]

YCCSEF You Change China Social Entrepreneur Foundation

YPLCF Yu Panglin Charity Foundation [China]

ZTEF ZTE Foundation [China]

ZUEF Zhejiang University Education Foundation [China]